Apa saja jenis makanan tambahan yang sehat dan bermanfaat untuk kecerdasan anak 9 bln?

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Feeding & Nutrition - 9-12 Months
Chew On This
For months, your baby has been getting used to the smooth purees that make up his entire menu of solid foods. Is he ready to give chewing a try?

Teaching your baby about new textures is one of the milestones you'll share during his first year. Pretty soon, he may seem ready to progress to more textured foods.


* Start with a divided dish or two little bowls.
* In one side, put your baby's favorite variety of 2nd stage purees and in the other side put the same variety of 3rd stage purees.
* Give him a spoonful of smooth, then thicker. Keep going back and forth. It may take a week or so, but eventually your baby will grow to accept new textures.
* Once baby has mastered this food, try combo feeding with other foods. Babies this age also love reaching for little pieces of food they can pick up between their first fingers and thumbs. Try putting a row of six or seven tiny pieces of soft banana, peach or pear on your baby's tray while you're feeding him a thick puree with a spoon. Watch as he tries to rake the food into his fist, then put his fist to his mouth. This will help him get used to the idea of feeding himself.


Goodbye Bottle!
Your baby's bottles do so much more than provide nutrition. They comfort your baby and help maintain a routine. But eventually, your baby will get all his beverages from a cup, so it's a good idea to start weaning early. (The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends teaching your baby to drink from a cup before 12 months.)
When you first start out, you need to find the right cup. Cups with two handles are easy to hold, and cups with spill-proof lids keep messes to a minimum. Fill the cup with breast milk, formula or a little water mixed with 100% juice. Then just set it on the highchair during mealtimes. Keep your expectations low. As your baby learns to open his fingers at will, he'll delight in dropping and throwing things like cups. so you may spend more time holding the cup than he does at first.

Keep an eye on how much your baby is getting out of the cup. If he only drinks a little, you should keep giving him bottles. But once you see that he's coming close to finishing the drink, you may want to replace his morning bottle with a sippy cup of breast milk or formula. Every baby is different. Some babies are weaned at 12 months, others at 3 years. All that matters is that you do what's right for your baby and your family.

Mealtime Advice: Strive for 5
Nutrition experts recommend five or more servings of fruits and vegetables a day-- a healthy habit you can begin to teach your baby now. But how much is one serving? For younger babies, it's a small taste of single-ingredient pureed fruits and veggies--it could be as little as a tablespoon or less. For older babies, it's 1/4 of a cup or 1/2 of a container (3 1/2 - 6 oz.) of pureed baby food fruits and veggies. A general rule for older babies is that 2 1/2 containers of baby food per day (1 1/4 cups) meet that five-a-day recommendation.
Reach That Five-A-Day Goal
1 The order in which you introduce fruits and vegetables doesn't matter.
You may want to try some of the traditional favorites first (like applesauce, bananas, and carrots).
2 Offer new flavors along with familiar favorites. It may take several tries before your baby learns to like some fruits and vegetables.
3 Respect your child's personal preferences. No one fruit or vegetable is going to make or break your child's diet.
4 Convenience is key. Prepared baby food is easy, safe, portable, nutritious and comes in appropriate portion sizes.
5 Let the colors of the rainbow be your guide each day. The more variety, the better!


Watch for Food Allergies
Babies with a family history of food allergies should be breastfed as long as possible and foods like milk, egg whites, wheat, and soy should not be introduced until well after the babies first birthday. Some foods are associated with allergies that can be life-threatening to some people, like peanuts, tree nuts, fish and shellfish. So you should check with your pediatrician before introducing them, especially if there's a family history of food allergies.

Source:

Your Gerber Baby - © 2006 Gerber Products Company
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  • 888 Dijawab 7 tahun yang lalu
    USIA USIA 8-9 BULAN

    Selanjutnya di usia 8 bulan dan seterusnya, secara bertahap kita perkenalkan makanan yang lebih padat.

    * Pukul 6.00-7.00 atau sesaat setelah bangun tidur

    Tetap berikan ASI sepuasnya atau susu formula sebanyak 200 ­ 220 cc setiap kali minum. Selanjutnya berikan susu di sela-sela pemberian makanan pendamping ASI sehingga dalam sehari bisa mencapai 4 kali.

    * Pukul 09.00

    Tetap berikan bubur susu (berbahan buah atau tepung) tetapi porsinya ditambah menyesuaikan keinginan bayi.

    * Pukul 11.00 ­ 12.00

    Buah diganti dengan bubur saring. Di usia ini buah diberikan di sela-sela pemberian makanan tambahan, apakah pagi ke siang atau siang ke sore. Bubur saring bisa dibuat sendiri dari beras, makaroni, kentang, kacang hijau, atau roti. Hal ini bisa menjadi ajang perkenalan bayi terhadap makanan lain di luar bubur susu. Cara membuatnya sama seperti membuat bubur nasi. Namun, penggunaan garam tidak dianjurkan untuk makanan bayi dan ketika diberikan harus disaring dahulu.

    Selain karbohidrat, bubur saring juga sebaiknya mengandung protein. Campurkan bahan-bahan seperti hati ayam, daging ayam, ayam, dan ikan yang dihaluskan bersama bahan bubur. Khusus untuk ikan, pilihlah yang dagingnya aman, seperti kakap, tenggiri, gindara, atau salmon yang tidak banyak memiliki tulang halus. Tambahkan pula sumber protein nabati seperti tempe atau tahu yang dihaluskan.

    Jika kesemua bahan tadi tidak menimbulkan reaksi alergi, menjelang usia 12 bulan, makanan bayi boleh dicampur telur. Awalnya, berikan putihnya dulu, karena biasanya kuning telur lebih sering memicu alergi. Bisa terpisah atau dicampur ke dalam buburnya.

    * Pukul 14.00

    Berikan bubur susu (berbahan buah atau tepung atau biskuit).

    * Pukul 17.00

    Agar kebutuhan gizinya seimbang, beri lagi bubur saring.

    * Pukul 18.00 - tidur malam

    Beri ASI/susu formula.

    USIA 9-12 BULAN

    Menginjak usia 9 bulan dan seterusnya, bayi mulai mampu mencerna makanan semipadat. Latihan mengunyah makanan yang lebih padat sekaligus merangsang pertumbuhan gigi bayi. Makanan semipadat yang dimaksud yaitu nasi tim beserta lauk pauknya.

    * Pengenalan nasi tim

    Jadwal pemberian nasi tim tidak mesti dipatok. Boleh pagi, siang, atau sore. Namun dalam sehari, bayi harus dilatih makan nasi tim paling tidak dua kali. Untuk pertama kali, berikan sedikit-sedikit. Jangan lupa, biasanya bagian atas nasi tim lebih keras dibandingkan bagian bawahnya. Agar bayi tidak menolak makanan baru ini, aduklah dahulu agar kepadatannya sama.

    * Bubur saring, buah, ASI/susu formula tetap diberikan

    Selebihnya, tetap berikan bubur saring satu kali, buah dua kali, dan ASI/susu formula 3-4 kali sehari sebanyak 220-250 cc tiap kali minum. Boleh saja sebagai selingan bayi diberi bubur susu dari mangga, jeruk, atau pisang untuk memperkaya pengenalan rasa padanya.

    * Pisahkan nasi tim dari lauknya

    Perhatikan pula kandungan nasi tim ini. Sebagai patokan, selain beras yang merupakan sumber karbohidrat, nasi tim juga harus dilengkapi sumber protein hewani dan nabati (ikan, hati ayam, ceker ayam, tempe, tahu, telur, daging ayam, daging sapi, dan sebagainya), serta sumber vitamin dan mineral (sayur-sayuran). Sebaiknya lauk pauk dari ikan, telur, ayam, dan sup diolah terpisah untuk nantinya dihidangkan bersama nasi tim. Bila lauk-pauk dan nasi dicampur lalu dihangatkan berulang-ulang, maka kandungan gizinya akan berkurang. Selain itu, lauk dan sayur yang dipisah lebih terjaga kesegarannya.

    * Pengenalan bumbu sederhana alami

    Di usia ini pun kita bisa mengenalkan bumbu sederhana alami, misalnya ikan ditumis dengan bawang putih dan mentega, sayur sup dimasak dengan bawang merah, bawang putih, dan daun bawang. Garam pun sudah boleh diberikan sedikit. Tak perlu khawatir makanan si kecil kurang asin atau gurih karena anak sebetulnya belum terlalu menuntut rasa.

    Idealnya, tepat satu tahun, anak harus sudah bisa makan sesuai menu keluarga. Namun perhatikan kemampuannya. Misal, lauk pauknya dipotong kecil-kecil agar lebih mudah dimasukkan ke mulut, dikunyah, dan ditelan.

    STANDAR KEBUTUHAN GIZI BAYI

    * Kalori: 100-120 per kilogram berat badan.

    Bila berat badan bayi 8 kilogram maka kebutuhannya:

    8 x 100 /120 = 800/960 kkal

    * Protein: 1,5-2 gram per kilogram berat badan

    Bila berat badan bayi 8 kilogram maka kebutuhannya 8 x 1,5/2 = 12/16 : 4 = 3/4 gram

    * Karbohidrat: 50-60 persen dari total kebutuhan kalori sehari

    Bila kebutuhan kalori sehari 800 kkal, maka 50%-nya = 400 : 4 = 100 gram

    * Lemak: 20 persen dari total kalori

    Bila kebutuhan kalori sehari 800 kkal, maka 20%-nya = 160 : 40 = 40 gram

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